Significance and Use
During the operation of an RO system, system conditions such as pressure, temperature, conversion, and feed concentration can vary, causing permeate flow and salt passage to change. To effectively evaluate system performance, it is necessary to compare permeate flow and salt passage data at the same conditions. Since data may not always be obtained at the same conditions, it is necessary to convert the RO data obtained at actual conditions to a set of selected constant conditions, thereby standardizing the data. This practice gives the procedure to standardize RO data.
This practice can be used for both spiral wound and hollow fiber systems.
This practice can be used for a single element or a multi-element system. However, if the RO system is brine staged, that is, the brine from one group of RO devices is the feed to a second group of RO devices, standardize the permeate flow and salt passage for each stage separately.
This practice is applicable for reverse osmosis systems with high rejections and with no significant leaks between the feed-brine and permeate streams.
1.1 This practice covers the standardization of permeate flow and salt passage data for reverse osmosis (RO) systems.
1.2 This practice is applicable to waters including brackish waters and seawaters but is not necessarily applicable to waste waters.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D4194 Test Methods for Operating Characteristics of Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Devices
D6161 Terminology Used for Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membrane Processes
Brackish water/brines; Data analysis--water; Flow and flow rate--water; Performance--water analysis equipment; Permeation; Reverse osmosis (RO) installations; Salts; Seawater (natural/synthetic); Standardization test
ICS Number Code 71.120.99 (Other equipment for the chemical industry)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]