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Significance and Use
The incidental conversion of organic material to trihalomethanes and other volatile organohalides during chlorination of water is a possible health hazard and is the object of much research. This test method can be used as a rapid, simple means for determining many volatile organohalides in raw and processed water.
1.1 This test method covers the analysis of drinking water. It is also applicable to many environmental and waste waters when adequate validation is included.
1.2 This test method covers the determination of halomethanes, haloethanes, and some related extractable organohalides amenable to gas chromatographic measurement. The applicable concentration range for trihalomethanes is from 1 to 200 μg/L. Detection limits depend on the compound, matrix, and on the characteristics of the gas chromatographic system.
1.3 For compounds not specifically included in the precision and bias section the analyst should validate the test method by collecting precision and bias data on actual samples.
1.4 Confirmation of component identities is obtained by observing retention times using gas chromatographic columns of different polarities. When concentrations are sufficiently high (>50 μg/L) confirmation with halogen specific detectors or gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) may be used. Confirmation of purgeable compounds at levels down to 1 μg/L can be obtained using Test Method D3871 with GC/MS detection.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D3871 Test Method for Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water Using Headspace Sampling
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)
ASTM D3973-85(2011), Standard Test Method for Low-Molecular Weight Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgBack to Top