ASTM D3794 - 13

    Standard Guide for Testing Coil Coatings

    Active Standard ASTM D3794 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.53

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This guide represents a collection of pertinent ASTM test methods used within the coil coatings industry. In the past coil coaters world wide depended on industry standards written by the National Coil Coaters Association. That association, working cooperatively with ASTM, will no longer issue new, nor update old, standards.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers procedures for testing coil coatings. The test methods included are listed in Table 1. Where more than one test method is listed for the same characteristic, no attempt is made to indicate superiority of one method over another. Selection of test methods to be followed must be governed by the requirements in each individual case, together with agreement between the producer and user.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Some specific hazards statements are given in Section 7 on Hazards.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B177 Guide for Engineering Chromium Electroplating

    B368 Test Method for Copper-Accelerated Acetic Acid-Salt Spray (Fog) Testing (CASS Test)

    C1371 Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room Temperature Using Portable Emissometers

    C1549 Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer

    D522 Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached Organic Coatings

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D610 Practice for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces

    D660 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints

    D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints

    D714 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints

    D822 Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels

    D870 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Immersion

    D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

    D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

    D1014 Practice for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Paints and Coatings on Metal Substrates

    D1186 Test Methods for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to a Ferrous Base

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1200 Test Method for Viscosity by Ford Viscosity Cup

    D1210 Test Method for Fineness of Dispersion of Pigment-Vehicle Systems by Hegman-Type Gage

    D1212 Test Methods for Measurement of Wet Film Thickness of Organic Coatings

    D1308 Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes

    D1400 Test Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonconductive Coatings Applied to a Nonferrous Metal Base

    D1474 Test Methods for Indentation Hardness of Organic Coatings

    D1475 Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products

    D1654 Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D1735 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Fog Apparatus

    D1823 Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Plastisols and Organosols at High Shear Rates by Extrusion Viscometer

    D1824 Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Plastisols and Organosols at Low Shear Rates

    D2092 Guide for Preparation of Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Surfaces for Painting

    D2196 Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational (Brookfield type) Viscometer

    D2197 Test Method for Adhesion of Organic Coatings by Scrape Adhesion

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D2247 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings in 100 % Relative Humidity

    D2248 Practice for Detergent Resistance of Organic Finishes

    D2369 Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings

    D2454 Practice for Determining the Effect of Overbaking on Organic Coatings

    D2697 Test Method for Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings

    D2794 Test Method for Resistance of Organic Coatings to the Effects of Rapid Deformation (Impact)

    D2803 Guide for Testing Filiform Corrosion Resistance of Organic Coatings on Metal

    D3003 Test Method for Pressure Mottling and Blocking Resistance of Organic Coatings on Metal Substrates

    D3134 Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances

    D3170 Test Method for Chipping Resistance of Coatings

    D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

    D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test

    D3361 Practice for Unfiltered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings

    D3363 Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test

    D3960 Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings

    D4060 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser

    D4138 Practices for Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Protective Coating Systems by Destructive, Cross-Sectioning Means

    D4141 Practice for Conducting Black Box and Solar Concentrating Exposures of Coatings

    D4145 Test Method for Coating Flexibility of Prepainted Sheet

    D4146 Test Method for Formability of Zinc-Rich Primer/Chromate Complex Coatings on Steel

    D4147 Practice for Applying Coil Coatings Using The Wire-Wound Drawdown Bar

    D4212 Test Method for Viscosity by Dip-Type Viscosity Cups

    D4214 Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films

    D4287 Test Method for High-Shear Viscosity Using a Cone/Plate Viscometer

    D4518 Test Methods for Measuring Static Friction of Coating Surfaces

    D4585 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Controlled Condensation

    D4587 Practice for Fluorescent UV-Condensation Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings

    D5031 Practice for Enclosed Carbon-Arc Exposure Tests of Paint and Related Coatings

    D5178 Test Method for Mar Resistance of Organic Coatings

    D5402 Practice for Assessing the Solvent Resistance of Organic Coatings Using Solvent Rubs

    D5531 Guide for Preparation, Maintenance, and Distribution of Physical Product Standards for Color and Geometric Appearance of Coatings

    D5723 Practice for Determination of Chromium Treatment Weight on Metal Substrates by X-Ray Fluorescence

    D5796 Test Method for Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Thin-Film Coil-Coated Systems by Destructive Means Using a Boring Device

    D5894 Practice for Cyclic Salt Fog/UV Exposure of Painted Metal, (Alternating Exposures in a Fog/Dry Cabinet and a UV/Condensation Cabinet)

    D6093 Test Method for Percent Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings Using a Helium Gas Pycnometer

    D6491 Practice for Evaluation of Aging Resistance of Prestressed Prepainted Metal In a Dry Heat Test

    D6492 Practice for Detection of Hexavalent Chromium On Zinc and Zinc/Aluminum Alloy Coated Steel

    D6906 Test Method for Determination of Titanium Treatment Weight on Metal Substrates by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence

    D7376 Practice for Outdoor Evaluation of Wet Stack Storage Conditions on Coil-Coated Metals

    D7639 Test Method for Determination of Zirconium Treatment Weight or Thickness on Metal Substrates by X-Ray Fluorescence

    E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E284 Terminology of Appearance

    E308 Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System

    E408 Test Methods for Total Normal Emittance of Surfaces Using Inspection-Meter Techniques

    E643 Test Method for Ball Punch Deformation of Metallic Sheet Material

    E903 Test Method for Solar Absorptance, Reflectance, and Transmittance of Materials Using Integrating Spheres

    E1164 Practice for Obtaining Spectrometric Data for Object-Color Evaluation

    E1356 Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    E1541 Practice for Specifying and Matching Color Using the Colorcurve System

    E1545 Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis

    E1640 Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

    E1808 Guide for Designing and Conducting Visual Experiments

    E1918 Test Method for Measuring Solar Reflectance of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Surfaces in the Field

    G7 Practice for Atmospheric Environmental Exposure Testing of Nonmetallic Materials

    G60 Practice for Conducting Cyclic Humidity Exposures

    G85 Practice for Modified Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

    G87 Practice for Conducting Moist SO2 Tests

    G90 Practice for Performing Accelerated Outdoor Weathering of Nonmetallic Materials Using Concentrated Natural Sunlight

    G113 Terminology Relating to Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests of Nonmetallic Materials

    G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources

    G152 Practice for Operating Open Flame Carbon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

    G153 Practice for Operating Enclosed Carbon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

    G154 Practice for Operating Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

    G155 Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D3794-13

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3794-13, Standard Guide for Testing Coil Coatings, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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