Active Standard ASTM D351 | Developed by Subcommittee: D09.19
Book of Standards Volume: 10.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
4.1 The properties included in this standard are those required to control the visual quality, usable area, thickness, hardness, and stiffness.
1.1 This classification covers the determination of commercially available natural muscovite block mica and is intended to be independent of the basic color of the mica or its source.
1.2 Muscovite mica is characterized by having an optical axial angle between 50 and 75° (see Appendix X1); and has a weight loss when heated for 5 min at 600°C not exceeding 0.2 % (based on the weight after drying at 120°C).
1.3 The visual system of classifying the quality of natural muscovite mica covered by this specification is based upon relative amounts of visible foreign inclusions such as air bubbles, stains, and spots in combination with relative amounts and types of waviness, as well as other physical properties. In this system, a perfectly clear, transparent, flat specimen of mica is the visual standard of perfection. Increasing amounts of visual defects lower the visual quality, and a total of 13 levels of visual quality are covered by this standard. This method of classification, generally known as the Bengal India System, is purely qualitative and is entirely dependent on personal opinion and judgment.
1.4 The standards for visual quality classification that are covered in this classification are the best commercially available concept of the various qualities and their relative positions. Variations in the methods of using and applying these standards from those herein defined may be specified by the purchaser, or defined by agreement between the supplier and the purchaser.
1.5 Standard size classifications are defined, based upon available usable rectangular areas and the minimum dimensions of the rectangles that the pieces will yield. Precautions to be taken in making thickness measurements are also described.
1.6 This standard covers the following two definite forms of commercial preparation:
1.6.1 Form 1—Full-trimmed natural block mica, 0.007 in. (0.178 mm) minimum thickness.
1.6.2 Form 2—Partially-trimmed natural block mica, 0.007 in. minimum thickness.
1.7 The basic color of mica, such as white, ruby, light green, dark green, brownish green, and rum, as well as other colors, and the method of controlling the color and other problems associated with the basic color, are not a part of this classification.
1.8 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.9 Section 5 is technically identical to procedures specified in ISO 67-1981.
1.10 Section 6 differs somewhat in procedure from ISO 5972-1978, but data obtained by either should be identical.
1.11 Section 7 is technically identical to procedures specified in ISO 2185-1972.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D374 Test Methods for Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation
D1711 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulation
ISO PublicationsISO2185-1972 Muscovite Mica Blocks, Thins, and Films--Visual Classification ISO5972-1978 Mica Blocks, Thins, Films, and Splittings-- Measurement of Thickness ISO67-1981 Muscovite Mica Blocks, Thins, and Films--Grading by Size Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
ICS Number Code 73.080 (Non-metalliferrous minerals)
UNSPSC Code 11101501(Mica)