ASTM D3039 / D3039M - 14

    Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D3039 / D3039M | Developed by Subcommittee: D30.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is designed to produce tensile property data for material specifications, research and development, quality assurance, and structural design and analysis. Factors that influence the tensile response and should therefore be reported include the following: material, methods of material preparation and lay-up, specimen stacking sequence, specimen preparation, specimen conditioning, environment of testing, specimen alignment and gripping, speed of testing, time at temperature, void content, and volume percent reinforcement. Properties, in the test direction, which may be obtained from this test method include the following:

    5.1.1 Ultimate tensile strength,

    5.1.2 Ultimate tensile strain,

    5.1.3 Tensile chord modulus of elasticity,

    5.1.4 Poisson's ratio, and

    5.1.5 Transition strain.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method determines the in-plane tensile properties of polymer matrix composite materials reinforced by high-modulus fibers. The composite material forms are limited to continuous fiber or discontinuous fiber-reinforced composites in which the laminate is balanced and symmetric with respect to the test direction.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D2584 Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins

    D2734 Test Methods for Void Content of Reinforced Plastics

    D3171 Test Methods for Constituent Content of Composite Materials

    D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials

    D5229/D5229M Test Method for Moisture Absorption Properties and Equilibrium Conditioning of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E83 Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometer Systems

    E111 Test Method for Youngs Modulus, Tangent Modulus, and Chord Modulus

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    E132 Test Method for Poissons Ratio at Room Temperature

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E251 Test Methods for Performance Characteristics of Metallic Bonded Resistance Strain Gauges

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E1012 Practice for Verification of Testing Frame and Specimen Alignment Under Tensile and Compressive Axial Force Application

    E1237 Guide for Installing Bonded Resistance Strain Gages


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 49.025.40 (Rubber and plastics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D3039_D3039M-14

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