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This practice covers the determination of the dilute solution viscosity of polymers. There are several ASTM standards (Test Methods D789, D1243, D1601, and D4603, and Practice D3591) that describe dilute solution viscosity procedures for specific polymers, such as nylon, poly(vinyl chloride), polyethylene, and poly(ethylene terephthalate). This practice is written to augment these standards when problems arise with which the specific procedure is not concerned, or when no standard is available for the polymer under investigation.
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D20 on Plastics, this practice was withdrawn in January 2016 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.
1.1 This practice covers the determination of the dilute solution viscosity of polymers. There are several ASTM standards (Test Methods D 789, D 1243, D 1601, and D 4603, and Practice D 3591) that describe dilute solution viscosity procedures for specific polymers, such as nylon, poly(vinyl chloride), polyethylene, and poly(ethylene terephthalate). This practice is written to augment these standards when problems arise with which the specific procedure is not concerned, or when no standard is available for the polymer under investigation.
1.2 This practice is applicable to all polymers that dissolve completely without chemical reaction or degradation to form solutions that are stable with time at a temperature between ambient and 150C. Results are usually expressed as relative viscosity (viscosity ratio), inherent viscosity (logarithmic viscosity number), or intrinsic viscosity (limiting viscosity number) (see ).
1.3 For polyamides, relative viscosity values by this procedure are not equivalent to those determined by Test Methods D 789.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Note 1-This standard and ISO 1628, "Plastics-Determination of Viscosity Number and Limiting Viscosity Number," are technically equivalent.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D446 Specifications and Operating Instructions for Glass Capillary Kinematic Viscometers
D789 Test Methods for Determination of Solution Viscosities of Polyamide (PA)
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1243 Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D1601 Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Ethylene Polymers
D3591 Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
D4603 Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
D5226 Practice for Dissolving Polymer Materials
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
ISO Standard1628/1 Guidelines for the Standardization of Methods for the Determination of Viscosity Number and Limiting Viscosity Number of Polymers in Dilute Solution Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
National Institute of Standards and Technology DocumentCircular No. C602 Testing of Glass Volumetric Apparatus Available from National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Dr., Stop 1070, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-1070, http://www.nist.gov.
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ASTM D2857-95(2007), Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers (Withdrawn 2016), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2007, www.astm.orgBack to Top