ASTM D1587 - 08(2012)e1

    Standard Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Soils for Geotechnical Purposes

    Active Standard ASTM D1587 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.08


    Buy Standard (PDF)
    4 pages
    $37.00
    Buy Standard (Print)
    4 pages
    $37.00

    Historical (view previous versions of standard)


    ASTM D1587

    Significance and Use

    5.1 This practice, or Practice D3550 with thin wall shoe, is used when it is necessary to obtain a relatively intact specimen suitable for laboratory tests of engineering properties or other tests that might be influenced by soil disturbance.

    Note 2The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective sampling. Users of this practice. are cautioned that compliance with Practice D3740 does not in itself assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.
    TABLE 2 Suitable Thin-Walled Steel Sample TubesA

    Outside diameter (Do):

     

     

     

     in.
     mm

    2
    50.8

    3
    76.2

    5
    127

    Wall thickness:

     

     

     

     Bwg

    18

    16

    11

     in.

    0.049

    0.065

    0.120

     mm

    1.24

    1.65

    3.05

    Tube length:

     

     

     

     in.
     m

    36
    0.91

    36
    0.91

    54
    1.45

    Inside clearance ratio, %

    <1

    <1

    <1

    A The three diameters recommended in Table 2 are indicated for purposes of standardization, and are not intended to indicate that sampling tubes of intermediate or larger diameters are not acceptable. Lengths of tubes shown are illustrative. Proper lengths to be determined as suited to field conditions.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers a procedure for using a thin-walled metal tube to recover relatively intact soil samples suitable for laboratory tests of engineering properties, such as strength, compressibility, permeability, and density. Thin-walled tubes used in piston, plug, or rotary-type samplers should comply with Section 6.3 of this practice which describes the thin-walled tubes.

    Note 1This practice does not apply to liners used within the samplers.

    1.2 This practice is limited to soils that can be penetrated by the thin-walled tube. This sampling method is not recommended for sampling soils containing gravel or larger size soil particles, cemented, or very hard soils. Other soil samplers may be used for sampling these soil types. Such samplers include driven split barrel samplers and soil coring devices (D1586, D3550, and D6151). For information on appropriate use of other soil samplers refer to D6169.

    1.3 This practice is often used in conjunction with fluid rotary drilling (D1452, D5783) or hollow-stem augers (D6151). Subsurface geotechnical explorations should be reported in accordance with practice (D5434). This practice discusses some aspects of sample preservation after the sampling event. For information on preservation and transportation process of soil samples, consult Practice D4220. This practice does not address environmental sampling; consult D6169 and D6232 for information on sampling for environmental investigations.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4.1 The tubing tolerances presented in Table 1 are from sources available in North America. Use of metric equivalent is acceptable as long as thickness and proportions are similar to those required in this standard.

    TABLE 1 Dimensional Tolerances for Thin-Walled Tubes

    Nominal Tube Diameters from Table 2A Tolerances

    Size Outside
    Diameter

    2
    in.

    50.8
    mm

    3
    in.

    76.2
    mm

    5
    in.

    127
    mm

    Outside diameter, Do

    +0.007

    +0.179

    +0.010

    +0.254

    +0.015

    0.381

     

    -0.000

    -0.000

    -0.000

    -0.000

    -0.000

    -0.000

    Inside diameter, Di

    +0.000

    +0.000

    +0.000

    +0.000

    +0.000

    +0.000

     

    -0.007

    -0.179

    -0.010

    -0.254

    -0.015

    -0.381

    Wall thickness

    ±0.007

    ±0.179

    ±0.010

    ±0.254

    ±0.015

    ±0.381

    Ovality

    0.015

    0.381

    0.020

    0.508

    0.030

    0.762

    Straightness

    0.030/ft

    2.50/m

    0.030/ft

    2.50/m

    0.030/ft

    2.50/m

    A  Intermediate or larger diameters should be proportional. Specify only two of the first three tolerances; that is, Do and Di, or Do and Wall thickness, or Di and Wall thickness.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D1452 Practice for Soil Exploration and Sampling by Auger Borings

    D1586 Test Method for Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils

    D2488 Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)

    D3550 Practice for Thick Wall, Ring-Lined, Split Barrel, Drive Sampling of Soils

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D4220 Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples

    D5434 Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock

    D5783 Guide for Use of Direct Rotary Drilling with Water-Based Drilling Fluid for Geoenvironmental Exploration and the Installation of Subsurface Water-Quality Monitoring Devices

    D6151 Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling

    D6169 Guide for Selection of Soil and Rock Sampling Devices Used With Drill Rigs for Environmental Investigations

    D6232 Guide for Selection of Sampling Equipment for Waste and Contaminated Media Data Collection Activities


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11111501(Soil)


    DOI: 10.1520/D1587-08R12E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM D1587

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top