This specification covers joints for precast concrete pipe and box, and other sections using preformed flexible joint sealants for use in storm sewers and culverts which are not intended to operate under internal pressure, or are not subject to infiltration or exfiltration limits. Joint material used in horizontal applications is intended to prevent the flow of solids through the joint. For precast concrete manhole sections and other vertical structures, which are subject to internal or external pressure, infiltration or exfiltration limits are not prohibited from being specified. Joints in vertical structures are intended mainly to prevent the flow of solids or fluids through the joint. Bitumen sealants shall be produced from asphalts, hydrocarbon resins and plasticizing compounds reinforced with inert mineral filler and shall contain no solvents. Butyl rubber sealants shall be produced from blends of butyl rubber and refined hydrocarbon resins and plasticizing compounds reinforced with inert mineral filler and shall contain no solvents. The joint sealant shall not depend on oxidizing, evaporating, or chemical action for its adhesive or cohesive strength and shall be supplied preformed and of suitable cross section and size to seal the joint annular space when the sections are joined. For a given joint size, the sealing material, as furnished, shall be such so as to encircle the outside circumference of the spigot or tongue of the joint or the inside circumference of the bell or groove and shall not be stretched when seated in the joint. Sealant material shall be furnished in the required length and cross-dimensions, and the dimensions shall be clearly marked. The joint design shall consist of a bell or groove on one end of the section and a spigot or tongue on the adjacent end of the joining section. All surfaces of the joint upon or against which the sealant will bear shall be free of spalls, cracks or fractures, and imperfections that would adversely affect the function of the joint. The joints of the sections shall be of such design that they will withstand the forces caused by the compression of the sealant when joined, without cracking or fracturing when tested. In order to determine the composition and physical properties of bitumen or butyl sealants, the following tests shall be performed: bitumen and butyl rubber chemical analysis, ash-inert mineral matter test, specific gravity test, ductility test, softening point test, penetration test, flash point and fire point test, chemical resistance test, and compression-recovery of tape sealant test.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers joints for precast concrete pipe and box, and other sections using preformed flexible joint sealants for use in storm sewers and culverts which are not intended to operate under internal pressure, or are not subject to infiltration or exfiltration limits. Joint material used in horizontal applications is intended to prevent the flow of solids through the joint.
1.2 For precast concrete manhole sections and other vertical structures, which are subject to internal or external pressure, infiltration or exfiltration limits are not prohibited from being specified. Joints in vertical structures covered by this specification are intended mainly to prevent the flow of solids or fluids through the joint.
1.3 This specification is to be used with pipe and structures conforming in all respects to Specifications C 14, C 76, C 478, C 506, C 507, C 655, C 985, C 1433, C 1504, and C 1577, provided that if there is a conflict in permissible variations in dimensions, the requirements of this specification shall govern.
1.4 This specification is the inch-pound companion to C 990M; therefore, no SI equivalents are presented in the specification.
Note 1—This specification covers the material and performance of the joint and sealant only. Infiltration and exfiltration quantities for installed sections are dependent on factors other than the joints which must be covered by other specifications and suitable testing of the installed pipeline.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C14 Specification for Nonreinforced Concrete Sewer, Storm Drain, and Culvert Pipe
C76 Specification for Reinforced Concrete Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe
C478 Specification for Precast Reinforced Concrete Manhole Sections
C506 Specification for Reinforced Concrete Arch Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe
C507 Specification for Reinforced Concrete Elliptical Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe
C655 Specification for Reinforced Concrete D-Load Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe
C822 Terminology Relating to Concrete Pipe and Related Products
C972 Test Method for Compression-Recovery of Tape Sealant
C985 Specification for Nonreinforced Concrete Specified Strength Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe
C1433 Specification for Precast Reinforced Concrete Monolithic Box Sections for Culverts, Storm Drains, and Sewers
C1504 Specification for Manufacture of Precast Reinforced Concrete Three-Sided Structures for Culverts and Storm Drains
C1577 Specification for Precast Reinforced Concrete Monolithic Box Sections for Culverts, Storm Drains, and Sewers Designed According to AASHTO LRFD
D4 Test Method for Bitumen Content
D6 Test Method for Loss on Heating of Oil and Asphaltic Compounds
D36 Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus)
D71 Test Method for Relative Density of Solid Pitch and Asphalt (Displacement Method)
D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester
D113 Test Method for Ductility of Bituminous Materials
D217 Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease
D297 Test Methods for Rubber Products--Chemical Analysis
T229 Test for Specific Gravity of Asphalts and Tar Pitches Sufficiently Solid to be Handled in Fragments
concrete manholes; concrete pipe; flexible; joints; sealants; Bitumen sealants; Butyl rubber; Concrete pipe--specifications; Culvert pipe (concrete)--specifications; Flexible joint sealants; Joints (concrete applications)--specifications; Joint seals/sealants--specifications; Precast concrete products--specifications; Storm sewer/drainage concrete pipe--specifications;
ICS Number Code 23.040.50 (Pipes and fittings of other materials); 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)
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