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Significance and Use
5.1 This test method provides a procedure for determining the density and void content of freshly mixed pervious concrete.
5.2 This test method is applicable to pervious concrete mixtures containing coarse aggregate with a nominal maximum size of 25 mm [1 in.] or smaller.
5.3 The measured fresh density may be used as verification of mixture proportions.
5.4 This method uses a standard consolidation procedure to measure fresh density and void content of a pervious concrete mixture as delivered. Test results are not intended to represent the density and void content of the in-place pervious concrete. This method shall not be used to determine the in-place void content or yield of the pervious concrete.
5.5 The fresh density and void content calculated from this test method may be different when comparing the results from Procedure A with Procedure B. The operator shall only compare results using a single procedure.
1.1 This test method covers determining the density of freshly mixed pervious concrete under standardized conditions and gives formulas for calculating the void content of pervious concrete. Test results are not intended to represent the in-place density and void content.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.)
1.4 The text of this test method references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory information. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables) shall not be considered as requirements of this test method.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C29/C29M Test Method for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate
C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
C127 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate
C128 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Fine Aggregate
C150/C150M Specification for Portland Cement
C172/C172M Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete
C188 Test Method for Density of Hydraulic Cement
C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
C231/C231M Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method
C311 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Fly Ash or Natural Pozzolans for Use in Portland-Cement Concrete
C595/C595M Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
C989/C989M Specification for Slag Cement for Use in Concrete and Mortars
C1157/C1157M Performance Specification for Hydraulic Cement
C1240 Specification for Silica Fume Used in Cementitious Mixtures
D698 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)
UNSPSC Code 30111500(Concrete and mortars)
ASTM C1688 / C1688M-14, Standard Test Method for Density and Void Content of Freshly Mixed Pervious Concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top