ASTM C143 / C143M - 12

    Standard Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete

    Active Standard ASTM C143 / C143M | Developed by Subcommittee: C09.60

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is intended to provide the user with a procedure to determine slump of plastic hydraulic-cement concretes.

    Note 1This test method was originally developed to provide a technique to monitor the consistency of unhardened concrete. Under laboratory conditions, with strict control of all concrete materials, the slump is generally found to increase proportionally with the water content of a given concrete mixture, and thus to be inversely related to concrete strength. Under field conditions, however, such a strength relationship is not clearly and consistently shown. Care should therefore be taken in relating slump results obtained under field conditions to strength.

    4.2 This test method is considered applicable to plastic concrete having coarse aggregate up to 11/2 in. [37.5 mm] in size. If the coarse aggregate is larger than 11/2 in. [37.5 mm] in size, the test method is applicable when it is performed on the fraction of concrete passing a 11/2-in. [37.5-mm] sieve, with the larger aggregate being removed in accordance with the section titled “Additional Procedure for Large Maximum Size Aggregate Concrete” in Practice C172.

    4.3 This test method is not considered applicable to non-plastic and non-cohesive concrete.

    Note 2Concretes having slumps less than 1/2 in. [15 mm] may not be adequately plastic and concretes having slumps greater than about 9 in. [230 mm] may not be adequately cohesive for this test to have significance. Caution should be exercised in interpreting such results.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers determination of slump of hydraulic-cement concrete, both in the laboratory and in the field.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 The text of this standard references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.2)


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C31/C31M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field

    C138/C138M Test Method for Density (Unit Weight), Yield, and Air Content (Gravimetric) of Concrete

    C172 Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete

    C173/C173M Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Volumetric Method

    C231 Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111500(Concrete and mortars)


    DOI: 10.1520/C0143_C0143M-12

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