Active Standard ASTM C1193 | Developed by Subcommittee: C24.10
Book of Standards Volume: 04.07
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
4.1 This guide provides information and guidelines for consideration by the designer or applicator of a joint seal. It explains the properties and functions of various materials, such as sealant, sealant backing, and primer, among others; and, procedures such as, substrate cleaning and priming, and installation of the components of a sealed joint. It presents guidelines for the use and application of the various materials, design of a sealant joint for a specific application, and environmental conditions and effects that are known to detrimentally affect a sealant joint. The information and guidelines are also useful for those that supply accessories to the sealant industry and for those that install sealants and accessory materials associated with sealant use.
4.2 In addition to the design and installation data in this guide, consult the sealant manufacturer about applications for its products and their proper use and installation. Considering the range of properties of commercially available sealants, the variety of joint designs possible, and the many conditions of use, the information contained herein is general in nature.
4.3 It should be realized that a sealant and sealant joint are expected to have a design life during which they remain functional. However, a sealant and sealant joint will also have a service life. The intent is for service life to meet or exceed design life. There are many factors that can affect service life including type of sealant polymer, sealant formulation, compatibility with adjacent materials, installation techniques or deficiencies, sealant joint design (or lack thereof), proper maintenance (or lack thereof), and environmental exposure, among others. The designer of a joint seal should take the above into consideration when designing and specifying sealants for certain applications.
4.4 The design life of a sealant or sealant joint should be considered in conjunction with the design life of the structure for which it is used. For example, a building owner may require a new courthouse building to have an expected design life of 50 years. Therefore, elements of the building's exterior envelope should, with proper maintenance, be expected to perform for that time period. As a result of the information in 4.3 it should be realized that a sealant or sealant joint may not perform for that time period without proper maintenance. Proper maintenance could include replacement of localized sealant and sealant joint failures and conceivably complete sealant replacement, perhaps more than once, during that 50 year time period depending on a sealant's polymer base and its particular formulation. Sealant replacement needs to be considered and when needed should be easily accomplished.
4.5 To assist the user of the guide in locating specific information, a detailed listing of guide numbered sections and their descriptors are included in Appendix X1.
1.1 This guide describes the use of a cold liquid-applied sealant for joint sealing applications. Including joints on buildings and related adjacent areas, such as plazas, decks, and pavements for vehicular or pedestrian use, and types of construction other than highways and airfield pavements and bridges. Information in this guide is primarily applicable to a single and multi-component, cold liquid-applied joint sealant and secondarily to a precured sealant when used with a properly prepared joint opening and substrate surfaces.
1.3 This guide does not provide information or guidelines for the use of a sealant in a structural sealant glazing application. Guide C1401 should be consulted for this information. Additionally, it also does not provide information or guidelines for the use of a sealant in an insulating glass unit edge seal used in a structural sealant glazing application. Guide C1249 should be consulted for this information.
1.4 Practice C919 should be consulted for information and guidelines for the use of a sealant in an application where an acoustic joint seal is required.
1.5 This guide also does not provide information relative to the numerous types of sealant that are available nor specific generic sealant properties, such as hardness, tack-free time, or curing process, among others.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C510 Test Method for Staining and Color Change of Single- or Multicomponent Joint Sealants
C603 Test Method for Extrusion Rate and Application Life of Elastomeric Sealants
C661 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Elastomeric-Type Sealants by Means of a Durometer
C711 Test Method for Low-Temperature Flexibility and Tenacity of One-Part, Elastomeric, Solvent-Release Type Sealants
C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants
C719 Test Method for Adhesion and Cohesion of Elastomeric Joint Sealants Under Cyclic Movement (Hockman Cycle)
C731 Test Method for Extrudability, After Package Aging, of Latex Sealants
C732 Test Method for Aging Effects of Artificial Weathering on Latex Sealants
C734 Test Method for Low-Temperature Flexibility of Latex Sealants After Artificial Weathering
C792 Test Method for Effects of Heat Aging on Weight Loss, Cracking, and Chalking of Elastomeric Sealants
C793 Test Method for Effects of Laboratory Accelerated Weathering on Elastomeric Joint Sealants
C794 Test Method for Adhesion-in-Peel of Elastomeric Joint Sealants
C834 Specification for Latex Sealants
C919 Practice for Use of Sealants in Acoustical Applications
C920 Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants
C1083 Test Method for Water Absorption of Cellular Elastomeric Gaskets and Sealing Materials
C1087 Test Method for Determining Compatibility of Liquid-Applied Sealants with Accessories Used in Structural Glazing Systems
C1135 Test Method for Determining Tensile Adhesion Properties of Structural Sealants
C1184 Specification for Structural Silicone Sealants
C1216 Test Method for Adhesion and Cohesion of One-Part Elastomeric Solvent Release Sealants
C1241 Test Method for Volume Shrinkage of Latex Sealants During Cure
C1247 Test Method for Durability of Sealants Exposed to Continuous Immersion in Liquids
C1248 Test Method for Staining of Porous Substrate by Joint Sealants
C1249 Guide for Secondary Seal for Sealed Insulating Glass Units for Structural Sealant Glazing Applications
C1253 Test Method for Determining the Outgassing Potential of Sealant Backing
C1257 Test Method for Accelerated Weathering of Solvent-Release-Type Sealants
C1265 Test Method for Determining the Tensile Properties of an Insulating Glass Edge Seal for Structural Glazing Applications
C1311 Specification for Solvent Release Sealants
C1330 Specification for Cylindrical Sealant Backing for Use with Cold Liquid-Applied Sealants
C1369 Specification for Secondary Edge Sealants for Structurally Glazed Insulating Glass Units
C1382 Test Method for Determining Tensile Adhesion Properties of Sealants When Used in Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS) Joints
C1401 Guide for Structural Sealant Glazing
C1442 Practice for Conducting Tests on Sealants Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus
C1472 Guide for Calculating Movement and Other Effects When Establishing Sealant Joint Width
C1519 Test Method for Evaluating Durability of Building Construction Sealants by Laboratory Accelerated Weathering Procedures
C1521 Practice for Evaluating Adhesion of Installed Weatherproofing Sealant Joints
C1681 Test Method for Evaluating the Tear Resistance of a Sealant Under Constant Strain
D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension
D624 Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers
D2203 Test Method for Staining from Sealants
D2453 Test Method for Shrinkage and Tenacity of Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compounds
ICS Number Code 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials)