ASTM C1170 / C1170M - 14e1

    Standard Test Method for Determining Consistency and Density of Roller-Compacted Concrete Using a Vibrating Table

    Active Standard ASTM C1170 / C1170M | Developed by Subcommittee: C09.45

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is intended to be used for determining the consistency and density of stiff to extremely dry concrete mixtures common in roller-compacted concrete construction.

    5.1.1 Because of the stiff to extremely dry consistency of some roller-compacted concrete mixtures, the standard Vebe test method of rodding the specimen in a slump cone is substituted by Procedures A and B.8

    5.2 Procedure A uses a 22.7 kg [50 lb] surcharge and is used for concrete consolidated by roller-compaction methods when the consistency of the concrete is very stiff to extremely dry.

    5.3 Procedure B uses a 12.5 kg [27.5 lb] surcharge and is used for concrete consolidated by roller-compaction methods when the consistency of the concrete is stiff to very stiff consistency, but not extremely dry.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is used to determine the consistency of concrete using a vibrating table and a surcharge and to determine the density of the consolidated concrete specimen. This test method is applicable to freshly mixed concrete, prepared in both the laboratory and the field, having a nominal maximum size aggregate of 50 mm [2 in.] or less. If the nominal maximum size of aggregate is larger than 50 mm [2 in.], the test method is applicable only when performed on the fraction passing the 50-mm [2-in.] sieve with the larger aggregate being removed in accordance with Practice C172.

    1.2 This test method, intended for use in testing roller-compacted concrete, may be applicable to testing other types of concrete such as cement-treated aggregate and mixtures similar to soil-cement.

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Fresh hydraulic cementitious mixtures are caustic and may cause chemical burns to skin and tissue upon prolonged exposure.2)


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C29/C29M Test Method for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate

    C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates

    C172 Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete

    D1557 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111500(Concrete and mortars)


    DOI: 10.1520/C1170_C1170M-14E01

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