Evaluation of Modified Weibull Distribution for Describing the Strength of Ceramic Fibers and Whiskers with Varying Diameters

    Volume 26, Issue 2 (March 1998)

    ISSN: 0090-3973

    CODEN: JTEOAD

    Page Count: 7


    Zhu, YT
    Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

    Butt, DP
    Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

    Taylor, ST
    Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

    Lowe, TC
    Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

    (Received 16 April 1997; accepted 20 August 1997)

    Abstract

    A modified Weibull distribution is evaluated for characterizing the statistical strength of ceramic fibers and whiskers with varying diameters from filament to filament. Many commercial ceramic fibers and whiskers have a significant range of diameters. A single-modal Weibull distribution is found inadequate to describe the statistical strength of these fibers and whiskers because of the effect of fiber diameter variation on strength. Procedures for extracting distribution parameters for the modified Weibull distribution from experimental data are presented. Comparison of the modified Weibull distribution with the single-modal Weibull distribution is made for the strength data from Nicalon fibers, Nextel (Al2O3) fibers, hydridopolysilzazlane (HPZ) Si-N-C-O fibers, Al2O3 whiskers, Si3N4 whiskers, and SiC whiskers. Due to its ability to account for the diameter effect on strength, the modified Weibull distribution can yield a more accurate β value than the single-modal Weibull distribution. The Modified Weibull distribution is shown to fit experimental data well and is recommended for characterizing the strength of ceramic fibers and whiskers, the diameters of which vary from filament to filament.


    Paper ID: JTE11985J

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE11985J

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Evaluation of Modified Weibull Distribution for Describing the Strength of Ceramic Fibers and Whiskers with Varying Diameters
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee C28