Volume 22, Issue 1 (January 1977)

    Electron Impact Mass Spectrometric Detection of Freon® in Biological Specimens

    (Received 16 February 1976; accepted 22 April 1976)

    Published Online: January

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    Recently the toxicity and abuse of aerosols containing Freon® have been brought to the attention of the public. Unpublished reports by the Drug Abuse Council indicate increased instances of aerosol addiction among the very poor, disenfranchised, and marginal minority groups. Also, deaths related to aerosols have been known for years. Bass [1] described 110 SSDs (Sudden Sniffing Deaths) during the 1960s, 59 of which were Freon-related. Christopoulos and Kirch [2] and Baselt and Cravey [3] demonstrated the presence of trichlorofluoromethane and dichlorodifluoromethane in postmortem specimens of Freon-induced deaths. The above authors used gas chromatographic (GC) techniques employing electron capture and flame ionization detectors (FID), respectively, for the quantitative analyses of these compounds. Standefer [4] also reported FID-GC data on specimens from a death associated with fluorocarbon inhalation.


    Author Information:

    Bowerman, DL
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.

    Levisky, JA
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.

    Pflug, JL
    Toxicologist, Frank J. Seiler Research Laboratory (AFSC), United States Air Force Academy, Colo.

    Wittenberg, PH
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.

    Urich, RW
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.


    Stock #: JFS10365J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS10365J

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    Author
    Title Electron Impact Mass Spectrometric Detection of Freon® in Biological Specimens
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30