Electron Impact Mass Spectrometric Detection of Freon® in Biological Specimens

    Volume 22, Issue 1 (January 1977)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 1 January 1977

    Page Count: 6


    Bowerman, DL
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.

    Levisky, JA
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.

    Pflug, JL
    Toxicologist, Frank J. Seiler Research Laboratory (AFSC), United States Air Force Academy, Colo.

    Wittenberg, PH
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.

    Urich, RW
    Toxicologists, Toxicology Laboratory, St. Francis Hospital, Colorado Springs, Colo.

    (Received 16 February 1976; accepted 22 April 1976)

    Abstract

    Recently the toxicity and abuse of aerosols containing Freon® have been brought to the attention of the public. Unpublished reports by the Drug Abuse Council indicate increased instances of aerosol addiction among the very poor, disenfranchised, and marginal minority groups. Also, deaths related to aerosols have been known for years. Bass [1] described 110 SSDs (Sudden Sniffing Deaths) during the 1960s, 59 of which were Freon-related. Christopoulos and Kirch [2] and Baselt and Cravey [3] demonstrated the presence of trichlorofluoromethane and dichlorodifluoromethane in postmortem specimens of Freon-induced deaths. The above authors used gas chromatographic (GC) techniques employing electron capture and flame ionization detectors (FID), respectively, for the quantitative analyses of these compounds. Standefer [4] also reported FID-GC data on specimens from a death associated with fluorocarbon inhalation.


    Paper ID: JFS10365J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS10365J

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    Author
    Title Electron Impact Mass Spectrometric Detection of Freon® in Biological Specimens
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30