Work Item
ASTM WK78966

New Test Method for Forced-Entry-Resistant of Fenestration Systems after Simulated Active Shooter Attack

1. Scope

1.Scope 1.1.This test method sets forth the requirements and testing procedures to test forced-entry-resistant building components, construction components, and specialty security equipment. This test method is intended primarily for manufacturers to test and rate their windows, doors, modular panels, glazings, louvers, walls, and similar products to ensure that all manufactured products meet the necessary requirements for forced-entry protection after sustaining an active shooter assault. 1.2.This test method is currently designed to simulate an active shooter weakening the system with repetitive shots followed by mechanically driven impact to simulate forced entry. 1.3.This test method is not to be used for ballistic resistant glazing rating. Test projectiles are permitted to perforate the entire specimen. The test projectile firings are intended to simulate actions that may be taken by the assailant to aid in the ability to gain entry to a facility. 1.4. This is a laboratory test to be performed on full systems and therefore not applicable for field testing or retrofit systems. 1.5. All tests are executed on the exterior surface of the fenestration. 1.6. Systems are required to be tested as complete units in a test frame or fielded conditions. Mulled systems must be tested in the mulled condition. Test results only apply to the component or system as tested. Once a system is tested and deemed to satisfy the requirements of this test method, no design change can be made without a retest except those that qualify under Annex A1 Substitution Criteria. 1.7. Components (such as glazing, door leaves etc.) may be tested in accordance with Appendix 1, receiving a capability statement for the component, but not a system rating per this standard. 1.8. Window and door systems shall be rated to at least a minimum level of F476, F588 and/or F842 as appropriate prior to commencing this test evaluation. This test does not dual certify to the above mentioned standards.

Keywords

Security; Glazing; School; Intruder; Protective system

Rationale

This new standard considers the need to slow and if possible, prevent intruders from entering facilities through fenestration. The document provides an attack methodology based on data extracted from past events such as school shootings. The intent of this document is to provide a mechanically administered standard test method and rating criteria to which fenestration systems can be tested and compared. Tested systems will be able to provide precious resistance to entry allowing precious moments for notifications, warnings and protective exercises to be launched within a facility thus potentially save lives and reduce injuries. The method offered is based primarily on previously published ASTM security standards which have been brought together to provide a single, repeatable, mechanically driven, simple to execute and easily reference-able standard. The standard is not a bullet resistant test method. There is a base level and extended levels of performance which can be chosen to correspond to anticipated levels of forced entry assault. This standard will allow for standardized direct comparisons of products as there is extremely limited human execution factor involved in the testing. Although this standard is targeted for the use by schools, it is not restricted to that type of building. It incorporates a systems approach although alternate tests are offered for glazing evaluation. It should be noted that the glazing, when tested alone, cannot achieve a level rating per this standard as it has not been tested in a system. Substitution criteria is also outlined. We feel this document offers a single concise, consensus standard for fenestration weakened by projectiles/missiles prior to forced entry attack and is needed urgently in the industry. We ask for you affirmative vote on this standard to allow rapid introduction into the marketplace and the ability to offer understandable, reference-able and repeatable enhanced protection to the children and adults of our school systems.

The title and scope are in draft form and are under development within this ASTM Committee.

Details

Developed by Subcommittee: F12.10

Committee: F12

Staff Manager: Frank McConnell

Work Item Status

Date Initiated: 11-17-2021

Technical Contact: Julia Schimmelpenningh

Item: 001

Ballot: F12.10 (21-01)

Status: Will Reballot Item

Item: 001

Ballot: F12 (22-04)

Status: Ballot Item Approved

Item: 001

Ballot: F12 (22-01)

Status: Will Reballot Item

Item: 001

Ballot: F12 (22-03)

Status: Ballot Item Approved