ASTM F963, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety
- Since 1986, ASTM International’s Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety (F963) has widely been considered the "gold standard" for toy safety. It is continually reviewed by ASTM International members to keep pace with innovation and new information and to ensure consistent application.
- Since 2009, all toys in the United States must meet the safety requirements of F963, per the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA), which makes it a mandatory federal standard.
- ASTM International’s committee on consumer products (Committee F15) regularly reviews and updates the standard as needed to ensure that its technical guidance is up to date and incorporates emerging hazards. This committee is comprised of a dedicated group representing industry, government, consumers, academia, and other interested parties.
- F963 includes requirements and test methods to prevent potential injuries such as choking, sharp edges, toxins, pinching, and other potential hazards.
2016 Revision/Update to F963
- After five years of work by hundreds of experts on the committee, F963 was updated in 2016.
- Among the changes, the 2016 revision addresses ride-on toys with: a new curb impact requirement, a clarification of overload and stability requirements, and a strap exemption.
- F963-16 also adds:
- new labeling requirements for toys that have certain small coin/button batteries,
- temperature and current-limiting requirements for lithium-ion batteries, and
- new requirements for materials and toys that could expand if accidentally swallowed.
- Other revisions include:
- new soaking and compression tests for magnets
- new requirements and clarifications related to microbiological safety;
- clarifications to heavy elements requirements for toy substrate materials
- revised requirements for toys involving projectiles; and,
- clarification of requirements and supplemental guidance for impact hazards.
For more information
- For media inquiries, contact Daniel Bergels, +1.610.832.9602.
- For technical questions related to F963, contact Joan Lawrence, Toy Industry Association.
- For more information about Committee F15 and becoming an ASTM member, contact Leonard Morrissey (phone: +1.610.832.9719).
- ASTM International’s open consensus process and online tools help ensure worldwide access for anyone interested in participating in standards development.