SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1963

Thermal Loading of Streams


This paper discusses the methods used to accumulate the data necessary to formulate a set of regulations governing the discharge of heated water to streams. It includes the results of a series of temperature surveys covering about 100 miles of rivers and analyzes the findings. The effects of heat on streams is becoming a matter of concern in various industrialized sections of the country. The recommendations of an advisory committee adopted by the Pennsylvania Sanitary Water Board should provide a pattern for other states with the same problem. The work of the committee illustrates the value of cooperative studies in resolving controversial issues.

Author Information

Hoak, R., D.
Mellon Inst., Pittsburgh, Pa.
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Developed by Committee: D19
Pages: 20–31
DOI: 10.1520/STP46405S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-6792-6
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-6602-8