A review is given of the theories which have been put forward to explain the mechanism of erosion under liquid impact conditions. An experimental investigation into the deformation of solids under the impact of small cylindrical liquid jets moving at velocities of up to 1200 m (4000 ft) per sec is described. The various modes of deformation in different solids are considered. Erosion under repeated liquid impact is also investigated. The individual deformation processes which make up the erosion damage were found to be relatively straightforward and have been treated in a simple manner. The over-all erosion damage is shown to be, in general, highly complex and not explainable by any one theory.
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