“Low temperatures” are understood to be temperatures below ordinary room temperature. This is a region of less interest and slightly less importance than that of high temperatures. In the low-temperature region, changes of state, structural changes and surface modifications are of rare occurrence in metallic substances. Because only slight industrial use is made of materials at low temperatures and because failures in such cases are infrequent, there has been no great demand for knowledge of the properties of materials in this condition of temperature.
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