The recycling of exhausted or end-of-life materials in industry is pursued worldwide to save natural resources and reduce pollution. The utilization of scrap as raw material in the steelmaking industry is a well-assessed technology. Nevertheless, recycled materials must be “free” from dangerous elements or compounds and particularly from hazardous levels of radioactivity. Typical problems to be faced in the electrical steelmaking industry relevant to radioactivity levels and measurements techniques are discussed in this paper.
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