Two new gages, a free-field gage and a soil-structure gage, have been developed. The spherical free-field gage employs a piezoelectric accelerometer to measure actual ground motion with parameters of relative soil density and and diameter-to-wavelength ratio. The soil-structure gage measures accelerations of the buried structure and uses a piston acting on a helical spring. A comparison of the outputs of of the two gages permits evaluation of the accelerations of both soil and structure as a function of mean density and stiffness of the interface. Tests were performed in the laboratory by having falling weights impact a sand bin and in the field in clay soil medium using Forcite charges to initiate the shock.
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