SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 December 1956

Chapter II—Difficulties Caused by Water in Industry


Water, while essential to industry, can cause serious difficulty and damage in industrial processes if not properly controlled. Water difficulties can be considered on the basis of their causes or their results. The two are closely, and sometimes confusingly, interrelated. A single cause, such as corrosion, may result in staining of paper, damage to pumps, or obstruction of pipe lines. A single effect, such as the failure of boiler tubes, may be caused by internal or external corrosion, poor circulation, scale formation, or the baking of sludge on the tube surface. Operating personnel first observe undesired effects and then ascertain causes.

Author Information

Price: $25.00
Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Developed by Committee: D19
Pages: 15–27
DOI: 10.1520/STP41181S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5927-3
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-6081-1