The thermal fatigue behavior of the tantalum alloys T-111 (Ta-8W-2Hf) and ASTAR 811C (Ta-8W-1Re-0.7Hf-0.025C) has been evaluated using completely reversed push-pull fatigue tests conducted in ultrahigh vacuum with independently programmed temperature and strain cycles. Test results showed that cycling of the test temperature simultaneously with the mechanical strain in most cases significantly reduced the cycles to failure of both alloys compared to isothermal testing. Notched specimens had reduced lives under isothermal conditions, but the presence of a notch or use of a 1-h holdtime provided only a small further decrease in life for the temperature cycled tests. Compressive stress at the maximum temperature produced longer lives than tensile stress. ASTAR 811C was more fatigue resistant than T-111 isothermally and did not have as great a decrease in life with thermal cycling. Results are analyzed by partition of plastic strains into creep and creep-independent components and considering where each component was active in the hysteresis cycle.
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