SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1974

Effects of Shot-Peening Residual Stresses on the Fracture and Crack-Growth Properties of D6AC Steel


The fracture strength and cyclic crack-growth properties of surface-flawed, shot-peened D6AC steel plate were investigated. For short crack lengths (up to 1.5 mm) simple linear elastic fracture mechanics—based only on applied loading—did not predict the fracture strengths. Also, Paris' Law for cyclic crack growth did not correlate the crack-growth behavior. To investigate the effect of shot-peening, additional fracture and crack-growth tests were performed on material which was precompressed to remove the residual stresses left by the shot-peening. Both tests and analysis show that the shot-peening residual stresses influence the fracture and crack-growth properties of the material. This report presents the analytical method of compensating for residual stresses and the fracture and cyclic crack-growth test results and predictions.

Author Information

Elber, W
NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va.
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Developed by Committee: E08
Pages: 45–58
DOI: 10.1520/STP38591S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5583-1
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0367-2