SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1999

Copper-Triazole Interaction and Coolant Inhibitor Depletion


To a large extent, the depletion of tolyltriazole (TTZ) observed in several field tests may be attributed to the formation of a protective copper-triazole layer. Laboratory aging studies, shown to correlate with field experience, reveal that copper-TTZ layer formation depletes coolant TTZ levels in a fashion analogous to changes observed in the field. XPS and TPD-MS characterization of the complex formed indicates a strong chemical bond between copper and the adsorbed TTZ which can be desorbed thermally only at elevated temperatures. Electrochemical polarization experiments indicate that the layer provides good copper protection even when TTZ is absent from the coolant phase. Examination of copper cooling system components obtained after extensive field use reveals the presence of a similar protective layer.

Author Information

Bartley, LS
Fritz, PO
Pellet, RJ
Taylor, SA
Van de Ven, P
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Developed by Committee: D15
Pages: 76–85
DOI: 10.1520/STP38240S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5566-4
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2610-7