SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1996

Standard Methods and Materials for Mitigating Injuries from Impact with Fixed Obstacles at U.S. SKi Areas


A plethora of products and techniques are currently employed at commercial ski areas to help prevent or reduce injuries from impact with man-made structures and other obstacles. The design and function of these products and techniques range from warnings and education to impact prevention. This paper describes the most popular mitigation measures currently in use and, where recent laboratory tests or field experience or both are available, explains their effectiveness. Some recent innovations are also discussed.

Author Information

Penniman, D
Snowbridge Associates, Truckee, CA
Price: $25.00
Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Developed by Committee: F27
Pages: 380–387
DOI: 10.1520/STP37945S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5560-2
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0429-7