IN PREPARATION OF THIS CHAPTER, THE CONTENTS of the 4th edition were drawn up. The author acknowledges the authors of the first four editions, H. L. Kennedy and M. E. Prior, M. E. Prior, R. O. Lane, and Tony C. Liu, respectively. The current edition will review and update the topics as addressed by the previous authors, introduce new technology that has been developed, and include up-to-date references.
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