SCRIPTURE PREPARED THE ORIGINAL VERSION OF this document, ASTM STP 169, in 1956 . Kelly extended this work with ASTM STP 169A in 1966 . which was subsequently updated by Sprouse and Peppler in 1978 with ASTM 169B . In 1994, Dodson prepared the most recent update, that being ASTM STP 169C . In the preparation of this chapter, the contents of the previous editions were drawn upon, but every attempt was made to minimize duplication of information from the previous edition. The author acknowledges the contributors of the previous editions and their summaries of the literature on this topic. The current edition will review and update the topics as addressed by the previous authors, provide up-to-date references and focus specifically on new technologies that have been developed. The review period has been limited primarily to contributions made during the last decade. Attempts have been made to uncover all relevant research, but undoubtedly important advances were not covered or were unknowingly omitted in this review.
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