SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 2006

Atomic-Scale Simulation of Defect Cluster Formation in High-Energy Displacement Cascades in Zirconium


A systematic study of damage in high-energy cascades in Zr with primary knock-on-atom (PKA) energy up to 25 keV has been carried out by molecular dynamics (MD) over a temperature range from 100–600 K. The high number of simulations for each condition of temperature and energy has revealed the wide variety of defect clusters that can be created in cascades. Mobile or sessile, two-dimensional (2D) or three-dimensional (3D) clusters of both vacancy and interstitial type can be formed. The population statistics of clusters of each type and the fraction of vacancies and self-interstitial atoms (SIA) in clusters, were obtained, and their dependence on the temperature and PKA energy were investigated. Both vacancy and SIA clusters can be mobile. However, depending on their type, self-interstitial clusters exhibit one-dimensional, planar, or three-dimensional motions, whereas vacancy clusters of only one type can glide in one dimension only. We have also performed separate MD simulations of some SIA and vacancy clusters to study their thermal stability and possible transformations.

Author Information

Voskoboinikov, RE
Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Institute, Oxford, UK
Osetsky, YN
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
Bacon, DJ
The University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool
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Developed by Committee: E10
Pages: 299–313
DOI: 10.1520/STP37587S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5518-3
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-3401-0