SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1975

Impact Damage Effects on Boron-Aluminum Composites


The foreign-object damage problem associated with jet engines was investigated by impacting both titanium (6Al-4V) and boron-aluminum specimens with either steel or room-temperature vulcanizing rubber spheres to simulate the two principal types of ingested foreign objects. To simulate engine operating conditions, some specimens were impacted while under a tensile load. Results indicate that a prestressed composite suffers much greater damage than simple cantilevered specimens. Ti-6Al-4V exhibits excellent impact resistance, loosing only 10 percent of its ultimate tensile strength up to the highest prestresses and impact velocities. Composite specimens react much differently depending on the type of impactor. Steel spheres cause severe damage at very low impact velocities. Room-temperature vulcanizing rubber, on the other hand, causes little damage up to a velocity threshold. Above this point, specimen failure was observed at some prestresses upon impact. The residual tensile and low-cycle fatigue strength of both boron-aluminum and titanium was documented for various impacting velocities and prestresses. A fracture-mechanics analysis is presented which successfully predicts the effects of room-temperature vulcanizing rubber impact on boron-aluminum composites.

Author Information

Carlisle, JC
U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology, Dayton, Ohio
Crane, RL
U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology, Dayton, Ohio
Jaques, WJ
U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology, Dayton, Ohio
Montulli, LT
U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology, Dayton, Ohio
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Developed by Committee: D30
Pages: 458–470
DOI: 10.1520/STP32326S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4660-0
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0309-2