This paper discusses the selection of composition and processing of an iron-nickel-titanium (Fe-Ni-Ti) alloy having a favorable combination of strength and toughness at cryogenic temperatures. Criteria on alloy composition lead to the choice of low interstitial Fe-12Ni-0.25Ti. The alloy has a naturally favorable microstructure, but cryogenic toughness must be imparted through grain refinement. Several alternate procedures are identified; four of these are discussed in detail, along with the resulting tensile properties at 77 K, Charpy impact energies at 77 and 5 K, and behavior in fracture toughness tests at 77 K. Alloys are obtained having yield strengths to 150 ksi with excellent impact toughness to 5K.
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