SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1981

Chapter 11—Cryogenics


Although there is some variation in the defined temperature range involved, cryogenics usually indicates concern with temperatures in the liquid oxygen range (about 90 K or -183°C) or lower. This temperature range will be discussed primarily in this chapter. Since a triple point (of water) or ice bath reference junction often is used, additional comments and values will be given for the entire subzero (0°C) range.

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Developed by Committee: E20
Pages: 222–236
DOI: 10.1520/STP27362S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4791-1
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0502-7