SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1988

Measuring the Protective Insulation of Fabrics in Hot Surface Contact


This research demonstrates procedures useful in measuring the ability of fabrics to block heat transfer when in contact with a hot surface. Experiments show how the temperature of the contacting surface, contact pressure, and fabric moisture content affect protective insulation in conductive tests. Single-layer fabrics made with flame-resistant cotton, rayon, and wool; glass fabrics, ceramic fabrics; and fabrics from aramids, novoloids, modacrylic, and stabilized acrylic fibers are evaluated. Statistical methods show the correlation between measured fabric properties and insulative values. An analytical model is developed that predicts a burn protection index from simple measurement of fabric thickness.

Author Information

Barker, RL
North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Stamper, SK
General Motors Corporation, Warren, MI
Shalev, I
Shenkar College of Textile Technology and Fashion, Ramat-Gan, Israel
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Developed by Committee: F23
Pages: 87–100
DOI: 10.1520/STP26277S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5058-4
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1167-7