A set of test methods and some minimum standards have evolved which synthetic turf surfaces should meet or exceed, including proof by performance testing in the field before these materials and systems are offered in the marketplace.
Various technical properties and ASTM testing methods are described for use in compiling a complete, consistent artificial turf surface system. The minimum or limiting values for performance levels required, as well as typical or recently measured values for individual samples of synthetic playing surfaces systems and components, are described in this paper. The typical values are just that, and of course are subject to normal variations both in production control and in testing, especially when different testing laboratories are involved.
Laboratory testing conditions are controlled at between 20 and 22°C (68 and 72°F) and between 60 and 65% relative humidity, unless otherwise noted. These are essentially the standard textile laboratory test conditions specified in the ASTM Practice for Conditioning Textiles for Testing (D 1776-85), which calls for 65 ± 2% relative humidity and a temperature of 21 ± 1°C (70 ± 2°F). Testing in laboratories under markedly different conditions and techniques may give different test results in some cases.
The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the test methods adopted for characterizing and documenting the performance properties of artificial turf, turf systems, and system components.