This paper describes the hazards of high-pressure oxygen systems, lists five major causes of oxygen fires, and provides extensive references for additional information on the subject. The primary emphasis is on adiabatic compression, which has been identified as a significant but often overlooked cause of oxygen fires. The information contained in this paper was compiled from many sources; the author is not an oxygen safety expert or oxygen system design consultant. Oxygen users should obtain qualified professional assistance to establish design specifications and operating practices for the safe use of oxygen.
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