SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1992

Evaluation of Percent Fracture of Hot Mix Asphalt Gravels in Indiana


The Indiana Department of Transportation prompted by major concerns in 1987 over permanent deformation (rutting) decided to increase the level of one face fractured gravel coarse aggregate particles in asphalt mixtures. Previous levels of 40% for base course, 55% for binder course and 70% for surface were essentially increased to 95% for all mixtures used in higher traffic volume work. This paper subsequently addresses two questions: 1. Is it always necessary to increase gravel fracture percentage to offset rutting and if so, what level is appropriate? 2. Since both stone and gravel asphalt pavements in Indiana have experienced rutting, what other mixture properties and/or construction techniques influence rutting potential?

Author Information

Sanders, CA
Vulcan Materials Company's Midwest Division, Chicago, Illinois
Dukatz, EL
Vulcan Materials Company's Southwest Division, San Antonio, Texas
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Developed by Committee: D04
Pages: 90–103
DOI: 10.1520/STP24213S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5204-5
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1468-5