SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1990

Thermoviscoelastic Characterization and Prediction of Kevlar/Epoxy Composite Laminates


Unidirectional fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) composite lamina, made from Kevlar 49 fibers and Fiberite 7714A epoxy, were characterized for nonlinear thermoviscoelastic response using the time-temperature superposition principle (TTSP). Mechanical static creep and creep recovery tests were performed using strain gages on 0°, 10°, and 90° unidirectional specimens at numerous temperature and stress levels. Master curves and shift factor functions for all four orthotropic material properties (fiber direction S11, fiber/transverse coupling direction S12, transverse direction S22, and shear S66 compliances) were obtained. Results were used in a numerical procedure to predict the viscoelastic response of general laminates. Predictions are compared with actual test results on selected two, three, and four fiber direction laminates made from Kevlar/epoxy.

Author Information

Gramoll, KC
Memphis State University, Memphis, TN
Dillard, DA
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA
Brinson, HF
University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX
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Developed by Committee: D30
Pages: 477–493
DOI: 10.1520/STP24127S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5120-8
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1287-2