SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1989

The Ice Hockey Face Guard: Health Care Costs and Ethics


The hockey face guard has been mandated for many levels of organized hockey playing in the United States and Canada. The widespread use of the hockey face guard has resulted in a saving in health care costs of $10 million annually in the United States alone. In this paper, the use of hockey facial protective equipment from the standpoint of ethical considerations will be discussed in terms of each level of hockey, from Youth sports through College and professional leagues.

Author Information

Vinger, PF
Harvard Medical School, Lexington, MA
Bentkover, JD
Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA
Sullivan, R
Rockefeller Center, New York, NY
Kalin, JG
Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY
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Developed by Committee: F08
Pages: 58–62
DOI: 10.1520/STP24038S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5101-7
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1274-2