SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1986

Remote Sensing Methods for Waste Site Subsurface Investigations and Monitoring


Detection and monitoring of subsurface contamination at waste disposal or storage sites can be expensive and uncertain with traditional sampling and measurement techniques. Remote sensing methods can greatly aid characterization of the subsurface and detection of contaminants in the vicinity of waste deposits. Inexpensive aerial remote sensing, such as photography or infrared scanning, can indicate subsurface contaminant movement and structure. Resistivity surveys and other surface remote sensor applications develop further details on subsurface geology and plumes. Most importantly, development of detailed vertical profiles with subsurface sensors provides indispensable data for ultimate characterization of the subsurface environment. Subsurface geophysical remote sensing techniques commonly used for deep subsurface characterization associated with petroleum or mineral exploration must be modified to be used effectively in the shallow depth range associated with surface disposal or storage sites.

Author Information

Wruble, DT
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, NV
van Ee, JJ
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, NV
McMillion, LG
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, NV
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Developed by Committee: D34
Pages: 243–253
DOI: 10.1520/STP23082S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4994-6
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0931-5