SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1986

Lessons Learned from Investigations of Over 500 Distressed Masonry and Stone Facades


The authors and their colleagues have investigated over 500 buildings with distressed masonry and stone facades in the last five years. This work has included investigations of distressed conditions in building facades made of brick, concrete block, terracotta, granite, limestone, and marble.

Masonry and stone facades are frequently chosen by designers and building owners for their inherent durability to resist weathering and for their inherent low maintenance costs. When properly designed in accordance with available standards, their performance is normally excellent. However, their performance can be affected by insufficient care in the design of joints and by insufficient care in the design of attachment and flashing systems.

Based upon architectural design principles, knowledge of masonry and stone materials, and experience gained from investigating numerous masonry and stone facade failures, the authors discuss design factors and details that could help designers avoid failures in new masonry and stone facades. The authors also present information that can assist architects, engineers, and building owners rehabilitate and preserve existing facades on buildings.

Author Information

Kellermeyer, KB
Kellermeyer Godfryt Hart, P. C., Chicago, IL
Chin, IR
Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc., Northbrook, IL
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Developed by Committee: E06
Pages: 152–164
DOI: 10.1520/STP23019S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4968-7
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0458-7