SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1989

Investigations into Gasoline/Alcohol Blends for Use in General Aviation Aircraft


The Federal Aviation Administration has studied the behavior of gasolines containing alcohols using an aircraft fuel system and engine that were installed on a dynamometer. The results of this study identified the worst case for vapor lock testing as: takeoff fuel flow, a fuel temperature in the tank of 38°C, and an alcohol concentration of 15% on a weight/weight basis. Several other considerations for using gasoline/alcohol blends in aircraft systems are identified including: material compatibility problems, water absorption and phase separation, and fuel aging, which aggravates the vapor lock behavior. An attempt was made to correlate the vapor pressure of the test fuels with the vapor lock behavior.

Author Information

Ferrara, AM
Federal Aviation Administration, Technical Center, Atlantic City, NJ
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Developed by Committee: D02
Pages: 116–137
DOI: 10.1520/STP22978S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5100-0
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1263-6