SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1992

A Macro—Micromechanics Analysis of a Notched Metal Matrix Composite


A macro-micromechanics analysis was formulated to determine the matrix and fiber behavior near the notch tip in a center-notched metal matrix composite. Results are presented for a boron/aluminum monolayer. The macro-level (or global) analysis models the entire notched specimen using a three-dimensional finite element program that uses the vanishing-fiber-diameter model to model the elastic-plastic behavior of the matrix and the elastic behavior of the fiber. The micro-behavior is analyzed using a discrete fiber-matrix (DFM) model containing one fiber and the surrounding matrix. The dimensions of the DFM model were determined by the ply thickness and the fiber volume fraction and corresponded to the size of the notch-tip element in the macro-level analysis. The boundary conditions applied to the DFM model were determined from the macro-level analysis. Stress components within the DFM model were calculated, and stress distributions are presented along selected planes and surfaces within the DFM model, including the fiber-matrix interface. Yielding in the matrix was examined at the notch tip in both the macro- and micro-level analyses. The DFM model predicted higher stresses (24%) in the fiber than predicted by the global analysis. In the notch-tip element, the interface stresses indicated that a multi-axial stress criterion may be required to predict interfacial failure. The DFM analysis predicted yielding to initiate in the notch-tip element at a stress level 28% lower than predicted by the global analysis.

Author Information

Bigelow, CA
NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA
Naik, RA
Analytical Services & Materials, Hampton, VA
Price: $25.00
Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Developed by Committee: D30
Pages: 222–233
DOI: 10.1520/STP20157S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5184-0
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1426-5