SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1992

The Influence of Fiber Waviness on the Compressive Behavior of Unidirectional Continuous Fiber Composites


The influence of fiber waviness and matrix nonlinearity on the compressive behavior of continuous fiber composites is studied. A micromechanics model based on the kinematics of the fibers has been developed to predict the behavior of unidirectional composites with initially wavy fibers under compressive loads. The initial waviness has been idealized as sinusoidal. Nonlinear shear behavior of the matrix has been included. Because the shear strain in the matrix is a function of position, the deformed shape of the fibers differs from the initial shape. Therefore, the deformed fiber shape is represented by a sine series.

Fiber waviness and matrix shear properties have been determined experimentally for T650-42/Radel C under several conditions. These experimental data have been used as input into the analytical model. Predicted compressive response is in reasonable agreement with experimental data.

Author Information

Highsmith, AL
The University of Alabama, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tuscaloosa, AL
Davis, JJ
Chrysler Technologies Airborne Division, Waco, TX
Helms, KLE
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
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Developed by Committee: D30
Pages: 20–36
DOI: 10.1520/STP20142S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5184-0
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1426-5