SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1997

On the Determination of Tensile and Compressive Strengths of Unidirectional Fiber Composites


Stress fields in tabbed unidirectional composite coupons and in cross-ply specimens are examined with a goal towards improving the methods for determining the axial strengths of the unidirectional material. Results of parametric studies for evaluation of the influence of tab materials and geometries as well as adhesive properties on the stress peaks in unidirectional tension coupons are presented. Use of ductile (but tough) adhesives, soft tabs, and low taper angles is recommended to reduce failures near tab ends.

Data reduction schemes for evaluation of cross-ply test data are critically examined with due consideration to subcritical damages (such as ply cracks) and expected failure modes. Test results from cross-ply and unidirectional tension and compression specimens of carbon and glass-fiber composites are compared. Some recommendations are made based on the results reported. Tests and data correlations for other composites are suggested for selecting a data reduction scheme acceptable to the composites community.

Author Information

Chatterjee, SN
Materials Sciences Corporation, Fort Washington, PA
Yen, C-F
Materials Sciences Corporation, Fort Washington, PA
Oplinger, DW
Federal Aviation Administration, FAA Technical Center, Atlantic City International Airport, NJ
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Developed by Committee: D30
Pages: 203–224
DOI: 10.1520/STP19929S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5353-0
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2411-0