A study is under way to investigate the heavy metal binding mechanisms in solidified/stabilized high sulfur coal fly ash and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) sludges. Fly ash and sludge from a typical wet FGD process and dry flue gas desulfurization by-product from a demonstration lime injection multistage burner (LIMB) process are being evaluated. The latter material contains substantial portions of available lime and may prove amenable as a solidifying agent with the fly ash. This paper describes initial results on the waste characterization, solidified/stabilized waste form formulation, and influence of liquid/solid ratio on metal leaching from the waste forms.
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