SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1989

A Clothing Design Prototype to Meet Male Alpine Ski Instructors' Needs for Thermal Comfort


The goal of this research was to identify the problem areas in present ski instructors' uniforms and to design a garment with the right combination of fabrics, insulation, and design features to meet the body's need for thermal comfort. Data were collected from managers at 111 randomly selected ski resorts in North America as well as from individual male instructors at 44 resorts in the United States and Canada.

The prototype design considered the combination of fabrics, insulation, and design features required by the ski instructor. The researcher used information on functions of the body, the basis for cold weather clothing, the structure and functions of textiles, and the questionnaire results. The middle shell was the critical factor in the uniform design. In it the concept of layering different materials in various parts of the garment to provide protection from varied weather conditions and to supplement the functions of the body was used. The prototype uses optimum design features and provides the instructor with a garment that can be worn in a range of weather conditions and at various exertion levels.

Author Information

Laine, DC
, Toronto, Canada
Hester, SB
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
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Developed by Committee: F27
Pages: 374–384
DOI: 10.1520/STP19485S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5083-6
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1197-4