Previous serious skiing injuries were recorded among the participants in the alpine diciplines of the 1994 Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer, Norway.
Fifty-four racers answered the questionnaire (reply percentage of 21%). Seventy-two percent of the racers had suffered one or more serious skiing injuries previously. The knee accounted for 43% of the injuries, followed by the lower leg (10%) and the head (8%). Forty-two percent of the women and 10% of the men (p < 0.01) had suffered a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Thirty-six percent of the racers had been injured in downhill, and 21% in each of the three other alpine disciplines. Sixty-two percent reported to be recovered completely from their injuries.
In conclusion, about three fourths of Olympic racers have suffered a previous skiing injury. Female racers were more prone to ACL ruptures than male racers.