SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1991

Planning Health Education for Downhill Skiers


The planning of health education to prevent ski injuries is often incomplete and not stated explicitly, while the evaluation of health education is executed only partially or not at all. This article presents a theoretical framework for planning and evaluating health education for downhill skiers. Systematic planning consists of an analysis of the magnitude of the problem, an analysis of the behavioral risk factors, a study of the determinants of the behavior at issue, the design of an optimal intervention, and the implementation of this intervention. The evaluation phase deals with the effects of the planning on these five levels (implementation, intervention, determinants, behavior, and injury risk). Some common pitfalls are mentioned, and special attention is given to the study of determinants of behavior and to the design of the intervention. Furthermore, the importance of pretesting health education material is underlined. There seems to be a strong need for further research on the etiology of ski injury and its determinants of behavior before prevention can be realized.

Author Information

Bouter, LM
University of Limburg, Maastricht, the Netherlands
Kok, GJ
University of Limburg, Maastricht, the Netherlands
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Developed by Committee: F27
Pages: 249–256
DOI: 10.1520/STP17650S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5164-2
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1405-0