SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1986

Comparison of Ductile Crack Growth Resistance of Austenitic, Niobium-stabilized Austenitic, and Austeno-ferritic Stainless Steels


Fracture toughness and ductile crack growth properties are compared at room and elevated temperatures by using the J integral concept for three grades: (1) an austenitic stainless steel water-quenched from different temperatures, (2) a niobium-stabilized austenitic stainless steel containing niobium carbides and niobium carbonitrides in an austenitic matrix, and (3) an austeno-ferritic stainless steel that contains about 50% ferritic phase in an austenitic matrix and shows higher tensile properties compared with the two other grades.

The J-R curves of the two austenitic grades are mainly dependent upon the inclusion content and the direction of the crack growth plane. Some results show the influence of residual stress level on J-R curves.

The JIc and dJ/da values for the austeno-ferritic grade cannot be explained only by the roles of the inclusion content and the crack growth plane direction; a specific behavior of the ferritic phase in this duplex steel may decrease JIc compared with the two austenitic grades.

Author Information

Balladon, P
UNIREC, Groupe USINOR, Centre de Recherches d'Unieux, Firminy, France
Heritier, J
UNIREC, Groupe USINOR, Centre de Recherches d'Unieux, Firminy, France
Price: $25.00
Contact Sales
Reprints and Permissions
Reprints and copyright permissions can be requested through the
Copyright Clearance Center
Developed by Committee: E08
Pages: 661–682
DOI: 10.1520/STP17422S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4972-4
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0472-3