SYMPOSIA PAPER Published: 01 January 1996

A Systematic Approach to Representative Sampling in the Environment


In environmental sampling, samples are taken for the purpose of solving a problem in a target population. The problem may not be correctly solved if bias is present in the samples, in the measurement of the samples, and/or in the use of the sample data to make conclusions about the population. This paper discusses a systematic approach which considers all these potential sources of bias when attempting to obtain a representative set of samples for making inference about the population.

Author Information

Chai, EY
Shell Development Company, Houston, TX
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Developed by Committee: D34
Pages: 33–44
DOI: 10.1520/STP16562S
ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5336-3
ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2043-3